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Face Serums: A complete guide to incorporating them into your routine

Face serums have grown in popularity in the skincare market over the years. A face serum helps our skin retain its natural moisture and keeps it from feeling dry all the time. It also helps to keep our faces glowing, which fades as a result of pollution, weather, and other factors. Many people enjoy using it on a regular basis because it gets to the bottom of the problem.
If you are unaware of the most popular skincare product, don’t be concerned. We’ll walk you through everything you need to know about serums, including their definition, how they improve your skin, and the best times to apply them.

What is a Face Serum?

A face serum is a formula with a high concentration of active ingredients. A serum can be used to address a single issue or a combination of issues. A face serum helps prevent acne as it contains potent actives that penetrate the skin more deeply and efficiently. Your skin will benefit from a concentrated formula that will give your complexion a much-needed boost.

Different Types of Facial Serums

Exfoliating Serums
Exfoliating on a regular basis is recommended to keep your skin from becoming dull and prone to breakouts. Exfoliation is classified into two types: chemical and physical. Physical exfoliants are coarse scrubs that are used to remove dead cellulite manually. However, it may be too harsh for people with sensitive or acne-prone skin.

These serums contain alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs), beta-hydroxy acids (BHAs), and poly-hydroxy acids (PHAs). Glycolic acid is a well-known AHA that exfoliates dead skin cells on the skin’s surface. Salicylic acid face serum is a well-known BHA that penetrates the skin’s surface to rid pores of blackheads, blemishes, and other impurities.

Anti-Aging Serums
Wrinkles and lines can be reduced or eliminated by using anti-ageing products. They typically include active ingredients such as retinol (vitamin A) and niacinamide (vitamin B3).

A formula containing the ingredient retinol helps stimulate cell turnover, which begins to slow in your 30s. In a study, regular application of vitamin A results in smoother skin and fewer wrinkles.

Hydrating Serums
Hydrating serums provide additional moisture to your skin. They are frequently used in conjunction with regular moisturisers. Hyaluronic Acid is the primary ingredient found in hydrating serums.

The attraction of hyaluronic acid stems from its ability to hold 1000 pounds of its own weight in water. This ingredient can draw water from its surroundings because it is a humectant. Following a warm shower, apply hyaluronic acid to humid areas such as your bathroom. In the absence of this, hyaluronic acid will draw moisture away from your skin, causing it to dry out.

Brightening Serums
These serums are intended to lessen hyperpigmentation and discolouration. They typically contain ascorbic acids (vitamin C), an antioxidant that inhibits melanin production. Niacinamide is a unique ingredient that is popular for lightening dark spots and improving skin complexion.

Firming Serums
Sagging skin is targeted by firming serums. Rough and loose skin is usually caused by a decrease in collagen, elastin, and ceramide (moisture) production as you get older. As a result, you should use an oil-based serum containing ingredients that promote collagen growth (such as retinol or niacinamide) and increase hydration (like Hyaluronic Acid).

How to Use Face Serums

Day Serums
In the morning, apply a vitamin C or salicylic acid facial serum. Because they have antioxidant properties, it protects the skin from free radicals (unstable molecules that can harm skin cells) and other pollutants while you’re out and about. When used in conjunction with sunscreen on a daily basis, Vitamin C can help protect your skin from photo-ray damage such as dark spots and fine lines. (Because vitamin C can make your skin more sensitive in and of itself. SPF, on the other hand, is a must.)

Night Serums
Although a retinol-based serum can be worn and applied throughout the day, we recommend using it in the evening, especially if you’re incorporating this ingredient into your skincare routine for the first time. The retinol ingredient, like vitamin C, makes your skin sun sensitive. When incorporating this ingredient into your daily skincare routine, daily sunscreen is required.

Anytime Serums
Hyaluronic acid serums are used to add moisture during the day or at night. We’ve already mentioned that your climate is important when deciding whether or not to use this ingredient because you need to ensure that Hyaluronic acid can draw moisture from the air while not affecting your complexion.

Niacinamide serums can be applied at any time of day or night. It is not a factor that makes your skin sensitive to light, unlike retinol and vitamin C.

How to Get The Most Value From Your Serum For Your Face

Take It One Step at a Time
As with any new skin care product, start with a small amount and gradually increase the amount until your skin does not react negatively. Vitamin C-rich serums should be used at least once a week before beginning regular use.

Ensure That You Know Mixing Active Ingredients
You must be cautious not to combine active ingredients that may cause negative reactions. For example, vitamin C does not mix well with exfoliating acids like AHAs or BHAs. Alternate the use of serums that may contain reactive components instead of layering them.

Layer Effectively
Apply facial serums after cleansing and toning but before moisturising. When your face is clean and balanced, a serum can do its job, whether it’s to exfoliate and hydrate or to improve your complexion. A rich moisturiser will seal the pores, allowing the serum’s active ingredients to benefit your skin. During the day, make sure to apply sunblock as the last step after moisturising your skin.

CELEBRITY GALLERY

Kajal Aggarwal

Asim Riaz

Aishwarya Rai Bachchan

Malavika Mohanan

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